Bilateral Relations
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Political Relations :
India Brazil relationship is extensive and comprehensive covering every important segment of interaction, seen at all three levels: bilateral, plurilateral in forum such as IBSA, BRICS, BASIC, G-20, G-4 and in the larger multilateral arena such as the UN, WTO, UNESCO, WIPO, etc. Bilateral relations between India and Brazil have acquired the dimension of a strategic partnership in the last decade under the leadership of former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. His successor President Dilma Rousseff’s first ever visit to India in March 2012 provided greater commitment and content to this relationship.

India’s multifaceted bilateral relationship with Brazil continued to intensify in 2014. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and President Dilma Vana Rousseff met each other during the Sixth BRICS Summit on 15 July 2014. BRICS leaders have approved a new development bank for long-term investment in infrastructure and more sustainable development. On the fringes of the BRICS Summit, Prime Minister Modi had a breakfast meeting with President Dilma at her official Residence in Brasilia on 16 July 2014. After the meeting three important bilateral agreements were signed between both the sides These were a)A Memorandum of Understanding( MoU) on Cooperation in the Field of Environment b)An Agreement on space for implementing arrangement establishing cooperation in augmentation of a Brazilian earth station for receiving and processing data from Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) Satellites, and c) An MoU on Cooperation in the Establishment of a consultation mechanism on mobility and consular issues. Both Prime Minster Shri Narendra Modi and President Dilma Rouseff exchanged greetings on the occasion of their respective electoral victories in 2014.

There were other occasions during the year when the leaderships of India and Brazil interacted in the multilateral context. PM met the Brazilian President in November 2014 at Brisbane during the G-20 Summit. EAM also met her Brazilian counterpart during the UNGA at New York in September 2014 under the framework of IBSA, G4 and BRICS.

Regular high level bilateral visits have provided a sustained impetus to the growing relationship. From the Indian side Vice President S. Radhakrishnan (1954), Prime Minister Indira Gandhi (1968), Prime Minister Narasimha Rao (1992 - for Earth Summit), President K.R. Narayan (1998), Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh (2006, April 2010 and June 2012), Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi (July 2014) and President Pratibha Patil (2008) have visited Brazil while President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1996), President Lula (2004, 2007 & 2008) and President Dilma Rousseff (March 2012) reciprocated from the Brazilian side.

Recent Ministerial visits have been: Shri P. Chidambaram, Finance Minister (Nov 2008), Shri S.M. Krishna, Minister of External Affairs (August-September 2009), Smt. Preneet Kaur, Minister of State for External Affairs (May 2010), Shri Jairam Ramesh, Environment Minister (July 2010), Shri Jyotiraditya Scindia (September 2010, April 2011), Shri Sharad Pawar, Agriculture Minister (September 2010), Shri Anand Sharma, Commerce, Industry and Textile Minister (June 2012), Smt Jayanthi Natarajan, Minister of state for Environment and Forests (June 2012), Shri Beni Prasad Verma, Steel Minister (February 2013), Shri Ajay Maken, Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (February 2013), Shri Salman Khursheed, Minister of External Affairs (October 2013), Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, MOS for Commerce and Industry (July 2014) from India and those of Celso Amorim as Foreign Minister (April and July 2007 and again in September 2009 for Ministerial meeting in WTO-Doha Round and as Defence Minister in February 2012), Minister of Health, Jose Temporao (July, 2008), Minister of Industry and Foreign Trade Mr. Miguel Jorge (March and October 2008), Minister of Defence Nelson Jobin (March 2010), Minister of External Relations Antonio Patriota in March 2011 for IBSA Ministerial and bilateral meetings and in December 2011 for India-Brazil Joint Commission Meeting. In March 2015, Minister of Agriculture, Shri Radha Mohan Singh visited Brasilia to attend the second BRICS Agricultural ministers meeting. In the same month, Minister of Science and technology Dr Harsha Vardhan attended the Second BRICS Science and technology Ministers meeting in Brasilia and also he had a bilateral meeting with the Brazilian Science and Technology Minister Mr Aldo Rebelo.

Sixth India- Brazil JCM took place in Brasilia in October 14-15, 2013 co-chaired by the Foreign Ministers of the two sides. During the JCM, both sides discussed the entire gamut of India-Brazil Strategic Partnership including Political, Economic and Commercial, Agriculture, Science and Technology, Defence, Cultural, Hydrocarbon, etc. Two sides exchanged views on regional developments and international issues of common interest.

Commercial Relations :

India- Brazil Bilateral Trade: Brazil is one of the most important trading partners of India in the entire LAC (Latin America and Caribbean) region. India-Brazil bilateral trade has increased substantially in the last two decades. However, given the economic recession in Brazil, the volume of trade continued to decrease in 2016. Indian exports to Brazil stood at US$2.48 billion in year 2016 as against US$4.29 billion in 2015 and US$ 6.64 billion in 2014. India´s imports from Brazil were US$3.16 in 2016 against US$ 3.62 billion in 2015 and US$ 4.79 billion in 2014. Thus, the overall bilateral trade was at USD5.64 Billion 2016 as against US$ 7.91 billion in 2015 and US$ 11.42 billion in 2014. Balance of trade was in favour of Brazil at US$ 680 million in 2016 while in 2015 it was in favour of India at US$ 672 million. In year 2016, India slipped to the 12th biggest exporter to Brazil (and accounted for 1.8% of Brazil’s total import) and 11th biggest importer from Brazil (and accounted for 1.7% of Brazil’s total exports).

China remained the top trading partner of Brazil with overall trade figure of USD 58.5 Billion (with decline of -11.8% y-o-y) while US was at 2nd position with overall bilateral trade of USD46.96 Billion (with decline of -7.11% y-o-y). Crude-Diesel trade used to be almost 50% of the trade basket of India and Brazil, however, in the last few years, this trend is in declining.    In year 2016, there was huge fall in import of diesel oil by Brazil from India with only 465 Million kg imported in 2016 as against 2.668 billion kg in the same period last year, earning USD 169 Million, resulted in a meagre share of only 6.82% of all the items exported to Brazil. In dollar terms, the decline represents -89.33% y-o-y and this drastic reduction has consequently impacted the overall trade figures.  However, Brazil's overall import of diesel oil from the world saw a significant drop in 2016 except from US which topped the position with export worth USD 2.14 Billion.  Despite its drastic fall, India was the second exporter of diesel oil to Brazil.   Besides diesel oil, Indian exports to Brazil include many value added products like organic chemicals, pharmaceuticals, engineering products and textiles. Brazil's exports to India are dominated by commodities, such as crude oil, sugar, soya oil, copper/iron ore, gold etc.

India – Brazil bilateral trade 2008-2016 (US$ million)

 

India’s Exports

India’s Imports

Balance of Trade for India

Total trade

Growth

%

2008

3,564

1,102

2,461

4,666

49.23

2009

2,191

3,415

-1,224

5,605

20.12

2010

4,242

3,492

            750

7,734

37.97

2011

6,081

3,201

         2,880

9,282

20.00

2012

5,043

5,577

-544

10,620

14.41

2013

6,357

3,130

3,227

9,487

-10.67

2014

6,635

4,789

1,846

11,424

20.40

2015

4,289

3,617

672

7,907

-30.78

2016

2,480

3,160

-680

5,640

-28.62

 

The second India Brazil Economic and Financial Dialogue was held on June 4, 2013 in New Delhi. Confederation of Indian Industry launched the CII-India Business Forum in presence of Ms Anita Praveen, Joint Secretary, D/o Commerce, in Sao Paulo on September 28, 2016.  The Forum has been launched to promote Indian businesses and identify challenges and opportunities in Latin America. Third Meeting of the Joint Administrative Committee (JAC) on India - MERCOSUR (Current members: Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Venezuela)Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) between India and Brazil held in Brasilia on 29th September 2016. The modalities and next steps for expansion of the PTA were discussed. It was agreed that both sides would work proactively and in a time bound manner to add 2000 lines each to the PTA (The PTA was signed in January 2004 and came into effect on 1st June 2009 under which there are 450 items from each side with duty reductions of 10% to 100%).  India and Brazil have formed a bilateral Trade Monitoring Mechanism (TMM) for periodic consultations.  The last (4th) meeting of the TMM held in Brasilia on 30th September 2016. Numerous issues of importance to both sides such as visa/immigration issues, business missions and trade fairs, market access issues, and sectors such as leather, civil aviation, automotive, food processing, agribusiness, etc were discussed during the meeting and substantial progress was made. 

India- Brazil Bilateral Two-way Investments:  There have been some significant two way investments between India and Brazil.  While the Brazilian companies have invested in automobiles, IT, mining, energy, biofuels, footwear sectors in India, the Indian companies have invested in sectors such as IT, Pharmaceutical, Energy, agri-business, mining, engineering/auto sectors.  Indian companies such as TCS, Wipro, Aditya Birla, Infosys, Cadilla, Mahindra, Renuka Sugars, United Phosphorus, Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Polaris, ONGC, Suzlon, Pricol etc. are present in Brazil. The Brazilian companies present in India include Marco Polo (automobiles), Vale (biggest mining company), Stefanini (IT), Gerdau (Steel) among a few others. Overall, there are about 55 Indian companies in Brazil while around 12 Brazilian companies have investments/offices in India.  Total estimated investments by Indian companies in Brazil reach close to US$ 5 billion.

As per DIPP statistics, cumulative FDI Equity Inflows from Brazil to India from April 2000 to December 2016 was US$ 24.77 million representing 0.01% of the total equity inflows of US$ 324.478 billion (this itself is part of the overall FDI inflows into India of US$ 472 billion which covers equity inflows, re-invested earnings and other capital).

India-Brazil Chambers of Commerce, based in Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte work in close cooperation with the Embassy/Consulate.


Cultural Relations:
There is enormous Brazilian interest in India’s culture, religion, performing arts and philosophy. The first forms of Indian Culture to reach Brazil were all somehow related to spirituality, philosophy and religion. The first classical art to come to Brazil was Bharatanatyam dance, with Odissi, Kathak and Kuchipudi to follow later. In classical music, Brazil has already a share of those who have learnt Sitar, Tabla and other instruments and not only play some of the original ragas and rhythms but go beyond to create fusion music in conjunction with Brazilian artistes.
Ayurveda is also very popular in Brasilia. Recognising this, an International Congress on Ayurveda was organised in the State of Goias in Brazil from 12-14 November 2013. In recent year the cultural exchanges have taken place at increased frequency supported by two governments. An eight member Rajasthani folkloric dance group led by Ms. Nirmala Kumari and a 4-member classical instrumental group led by Shri Rashid Mustafa, sponsored by ICCR, visited Brasilia from January 26-29 during their visit to Brazil from January 22-29, 2015. The classical instrumental group
4
performed on January 27, 2015 at the inauguration of Food Festival of India in Brasilia from January 27, 2015. Both the groups performed at the Cultural Centre of Banco do Brasil (CCBB) on January 28, 2015, cultural event jointly organised by the Embassy and CCBB. Previously on 23 and 24 January, the troupes also performed in Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte respectively.

Embassy of India in Brasilia in association with the Public Diplomacy Division of Ministry of External Affairs gifted books to the Indian Studies Program ( PEIND ) at University of the State of Rio de Janeiro( UERJ ), which aims at contributing to academic integration between India and Brazil. PEIND has now organized two editions of India-Brazil Dialogue Seminars in April and November 2014 with participation of many Brazilian Researchers and some Indian experts. Embassy also gifted books to the Federal University of Paraiba during a Seminar organised on Indian Religion and Philosophy on 27-28 March 2014 in Joao Pessoa. Federal University of Minas Gerais had organized a seminar on Indian themes in February 2014. Fourth edition of Food Week of India was organised from January 27-31, 2015 at in Brasilia, showcasing diversified cuisines of India. The Festival was well received by local Brazilian people and international community.

The International Day of Yoga was celebrated in 12 major cities of Brazil. On 21st June, President Dilma Rousseff congratulated Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on Twitter and Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi responded by thanking the Brazilian President for her greetings. The main IDY event organized by the Indian Embassy and Consulate in Sao Paulo was attended by over 250 people that included popular Brazilian television actor Marcio Garcia known for his role in the popular Brazilian soap opera Caminho das Indias and famous Brazilian singer Alessandra Maestrini .Reputed Indologist and Director of Cervantes Institute in Rio de Janeiro Dr Prof Oscar Pujol gave a lecture on Yoga .A yoga practice session based on the common yoga protocol was conducted by Yoga Guru Marcos Rojo of the University of Sao Paulo. The Indian Embassy in Brasilia also held a separate event for the Brazilians and diplomats in the capital. The UNDP head Jorge Chediek read out the UNSG ̓ s message on International Day of Yoga and the Common Yoga Protocol was adhered to.

Indian Community in Brazil:

The Indian community of PIOs/NRIs in Brazil is small, numbering about 2000 persons. A majority of them lives in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Manuas. The community mainly comprises of professionals and businessmen and some scientists/researchers in agriculture, physics, etc. There is Indian Association in Sao Paulo.

Useful Resources:
Website of Indian Embassy in Brasilia: http://indianembassy.org.br
Website of Indian Consulate in Sao Paulo: http://indianconsulateinsaopaulo.in
Facebook Page of Indian Embassy: https://www.facebook.com/indiainbrazil?fref=ts
Facebook Page of Indian Consulate:
https://www.facebook.com/IndianConsulateGeneralSaoPauloBrazil?fref=ts
Indian Embassy Twitter Page: www.twitter.com/indianobrasil
India Brazil Chamber of Commerce: http://www.indiabrazilchamber.org/




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